Reasons for Sowing Seeds in a Nursery
The Nursery Shed
- a concrete floor
- a clear plastic sheet covering the roof to shelter seedlings from heavy rainfall but will allow light to enter the nursery
- hedges or trees around the nursery to protect young plants from strong drying winds
- stands for placing seed boxes to keep them above the ground
- a regular supply of water
- tools and equipment and a supply of potting soil
Potting or Nursery Soil (Soil used to raise seedlings) should:-
- be free from weeds, pests, and plant diseases
- be well aerated
- drain readily
- have adequate nutrients
WOODEN SEED BOXES
PLASTIC AND STYROFOAM TRAYS
- Place a thin layer of straw at the bottom of the seed box to cover slits and prevent soil from falling through
- Place a layer of 3-4cm nursery soil into the seed box.
- Remove excess soil using a piece of wood.
- Firm the soil to a depth of 1-1.5cm from the top of the box.
- Water soil and set aside for sowing seeds.
- Sow seeds either in long rows or by broadcasting over the entire soil surface
- Lightly cover seeds with a layer of finely sifted nursery soil.
- Gently water in the seeds.
- Label the boxes with the name of the seeds and the date of sowing.
- Cover seed boxes and place in a cool sheltered area to await germination.
- Water occasionally before germination to prevent soil from drying out.
- Soil aeration
- Weed control
- Application of fertilizers
- Pest and disease control
- less frequent watering
- allowing soil to dry out
- exposing seedlings to sun and rainfall